Main Article Content


The purpose of this study is to describe the history and influence of the South China Sea conflict on the political stability of Southeast Asia. The South China Sea has tremendous potential, both in the sea and above the sea. Thus, countries in Southeast Asia and the two major world powers, namely the United States and the People's Republic of China, are trying to claim or at least maintain their influence in the region. This research method uses literature research, and data analysis techniques used use content analysis methods. The findings of this study are that mutual claims between countries in Southeast Asia will become a major conflict in the future if it is not resolved. The negotiations were about the process of resolving conflicts that occurred in the South China Sea in reviewing the problems, and prospects in the South China Sea area for the benefit of all countries.


South China Sea multilateral conflict political stability Southeast Asia

Article Details

How to Cite
Matondang, S. A., Hardiansyah, M. R., & Nababan, S. A. (2022). History and Effect of South China Sea Conflict on Southeast Asia Political Stability. Yupa: Historical Studies Journal, 6(1), 18-32.


  1. Ahmad, M. Z., & Mohd Sani, M. A. (2017). China’s Assertive Posture in Reinforcing its Territorial and Sovereignty Claims in the South China Sea: An Insight into Malaysia’s Stance. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 18(1), 67–105.
  2. Amboro, K. (2020). Kontekstualisasi Pandemi Covid-19 dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah. Yupa: Historical Studies Journal, 3(2), 90–106.
  3. Arbar, T. F. (2020, July 25). Klaim China & Harta Karun Migas di Laut China Selatan. CNBCIndonesia.Com. Retrieved from
  4. Ariyanti. (2021, May 28). Kinerja KKP Dipertanyakan Imbas Revisi UU Landas Kontinen. Trustnews.Id. Retrieved from
  5. Aspers, P., & Corte, U. (2019). What is Qualitative in Qualitative Research. Qualitative Sociology, 42(2), 139–160.
  6. Bagus Dharma Agastia, I. G., & Agung Banyu Perwita, A. (2016). Indonesia’s Maritime Axis and the Security of Sea Lanes of Communications (SLOCs) in the Indo-Pacific. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 5(1), 10–21.
  7. Beckman, R. (2013). The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the Maritime Disputes in the South China Sea. American Journal of International Law, 107(1), 142–163.
  8. Carley, K. (1993). Coding Choices for Textual Analysis: A Comparison of Content Analysis and Map Analysis. Sociological Methodology, 23, 75–126.
  9. Citradi, T. (2020, July 3). Ada Harta Karun Apa yang Diperebutkan di Laut China Selatan? CNBCIndonesia.Com. Retrieved from
  10. Darmawan, A. B., & Mahendra, Lady. (2018). Isu Laut Tiongkok Selatan: Negara-negara ASEAN Terbelah Menghadapi Tiongkok. Jurnal Global & Strategis, 12(1), 79.
  11. Elo, S., Kääriäinen, M., Kanste, O., Pölkki, T., Utriainen, K., & Kyngäs, H. (2014). Qualitative Content Analysis. SAGE Open, 4(1), 215824401452263.
  12. Ferhat, S. (2006). China-Taiwan: Young People Confront Their History. China Perspectives, 2006(4).
  13. Fujitani, J. (2016). The Ming Rejection of the Portuguese Embassy of 1517: A Reassessment. Journal of World History, 27(1), 87–102. Retrieved from
  14. Gao, Z., & Jia, B. B. (2013). The Nine-Dash Line in the South China Sea: History, Status, and Implications. American Journal of International Law, 107(1), 98–123.
  15. Gonzales, R. E. (2014). THE SPRATLY ISLANDS DISPUTE: INTERNATIONAL LAW, CONFLICTING CLAIMS, AND ALTERNATIVE FRAMEWORKS FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION (University of Nevada, Las Vegas). University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved from
  16. Granados, U. (2008). JAPANESE EXPANSION INTO THE SOUTH CHINA SEA: COLONIZATION AND CONFLICT, 1902—1939. Journal of Asian History, 42(2), 117–142. Retrieved from
  17. Gunawan, A. S., & Siregar, I. (2021). Peranan Pemerintahan Indonesia Dalam Menjaga Keutuhan Wilayah Maritim NKRI Dalam Konflik Laut Cina Selatan. Jurnal Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah FKIP Universitas Jambi, 1(1), 95–108. Retrieved from
  18. Herlina, H. (2014). ISLAM DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PERADABAN MELAYU. Tamaddun: Jurnal Kebudayaan Dan Sastra Islam, 14(2), 57–78. Retrieved from
  19. Junef, M. (2018). Sengketa Wilayah Maritim di Laut Tiongkok Selatan. Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure, 18(2), 219.
  20. Kim, J. (2015). Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea. Strategic Studies Quarterly, 9(2), 107–141. Retrieved from
  21. Lan, T. J. (2018). Chinese Indonesians and China-Indonesia Relations: a Juxtaposition of Identity and Politics. Masyarakat Indonesia, 43(2), 201–210.
  22. Macaraig, C. E., & Fenton, A. J. (2021). Analyzing the Causes and Effects of the South China Sea Dispute. The Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies, 8(2), 42–58. Retrieved from
  23. Narine, S. (1998). ASEAN and the Management of Regional Security. Pacific Affairs, 71(2), 195.
  24. Novelin, T., & Setiabudhi, I. K. R. (2018). ANALISIS PUTUSAN MAHKAMAH ARBITRASE INTERNASIONAL MENGENAI PERMASALAHAN LAUT CINA SELATAN. Kertha Wicara : Journal Ilmu Hukum, 7(3). Retrieved from
  25. Novitasari, C. N. (2021). Analisis Putusan Mahkamah Internasional dalam Kasus Sengketa Indonesia-Malaysia Mengenai Pulau Sipadan dan Ligitan. Journal of Jurisprudence and Legisprudence, 2(4), 231–262. digest.v2i2.48638
  26. Nugroho, M. A. A., & Hikam, M. M. (2021). SOUTH CHINA SEA CLAIM DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BETWEEN ASEAN AND CHINA. Trunojoyo Law Review, 2(1), 1–11.
  27. Patalano, A. (2015). Feigning grand strategy. In The Cambridge History of the Second World War (pp. 159–188). Cambridge University Press.
  28. Paul, T. (2019). When balance of power meets globalization: China, India and the small states of South Asia. Politics, 39(1), 50–63.
  29. Pertiwi, M. (2021). Perkembangan Sentimen anti-Tionghoa di Indonesia. KAGANGA KOMUNIKA: Journal of Communication Science, 3(1), 82–93. Retrieved from
  31. Qiu, J. (2017). South China Sea: the gateway to China’s deep-sea ambitions. National Science Review, 4(4), 658–663.
  32. Radityo, F., Rara, G., Amelia, I., & Efraim, R. (2019). GEOPOLITIK TIONGKOK DI KAWASAN ASIA TENGGARA: JALUR PERDAGANGAN (OBOR). Jurnal Asia Pacific Studies, 3(1), 84.
  33. Ramli, R. P., Lumumba, P., & Burhanuddin. (2021). Sengketa Republik Indonesia – Republik Rakyat Tiongkok di Perairan Natuna. Hasanuddin Journal of International Affairs, 1(1), 20–35.
  34. Roach, J. A. (2014). Malaysia and Brunei: An Analysis of their Claims in the South China Sea. CNA Analysis & Solutions, (August). Retrieved from§ion=7
  35. Rowan, J. P. (2005). The U.S.-Japan Security Alliance, ASEAN, and the South China Sea Dispute. Asian Survey, 45(3), 414–436.
  36. Roza, R., Nainggolan, P. P., & Muhamad, S. V. (2013). KONFLIK LAUT CHINA SELATAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP KAWASAN (P. P. Nainggolan, Ed.). Jakarta: P3DI Setjen DPR Republik Indonesia dan Azza Grafika.
  37. Sanjaya, J. B. (2021). Analisis Mengenai Kesepakatan Negara Indonesia Dalam Memutusakan Penyelesaian Kasus Sipadan Dan Ligitan Melalui Mahkamah Internasional. Jurnal Analisis Hukum (JAH), 4(1), 98–119. Retrieved from
  38. Schubert, G. (2010). The Political Thinking of the Mainland Taishang: Some Preliminary Observations from the Field. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 39(1), 73–110.
  39. Sinaga, L. C. (2016). China’s Assertive Foreign Policy in South China Sea Under Xi Jinping: Its Impact on United States and Australian Foreign Policy. JAS (Journal of ASEAN Studies), 3(2), 133.
  40. Sobarini, E., Amalia, F. S., Nurmala, M., Syukur, M. A., & Wisesa, R. G. (2021). Diplomasi Pertahanan Malaysia di Laut China Selatan: Isu dan Tantangan (Malaysia’s Defense Diplomacy in the South China Sea: Issues and Challenges). Jurnal Diplomasi Pertahanan, 7(2), 13–38. Retrieved from
  41. Steffens, A. W. (2013). Scramble in the South China Sea. Strategic Studies Quarterly, 7(3), 88–107. Retrieved from
  42. Suharna, K. (2012). Konflik dan Solusi Laut Tiongkok Selatan dan Dampaknya bagi Ketahanan Nasional. Majalah TANNAS, pp. 36–37.
  43. Usman, A., & Sukma, R. (1997). Konflik Laut Cina Selatan: tantangan bagi Asean. Jakarta: Centre for Strategic and International Studies.
  44. Usuki, E. (2018). Asian Yearbook of International Law, Volume 21 (2015). In S. Lee & H. E. Lee (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law, Volume 21 (2015). Brill | Nijhoff.
  45. Veronika, N. W. (2010). Pengaruh Komponen Geopolitik Terhadap Konflik di Laut Tiongkok Selatan antara Tiongkok dan Vietnam pada periode 2009-2011 (Universitas Indonesia). Universitas Indonesia. Retrieved from Widiastuti Veronika.pdf
  47. Zed, M. (2008). Metode penelitian kepustakaan. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
  48. Zuhri, A. S., & Hanifa, H. (2017). THE INFLUENCE OF THE STRATEGIC POSITION OF INDONESIA IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA TOWARD THE MILITARY PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN INDONESIA AND CHINA IN 2010-2015. Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities, 7(1), 55–70.

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'